The Federation of Egalitarian Communities - 03 Labor [Many labor policies are integrated with economic policies, so the division of these into two sections is fairly artificial in many cases. Reading policies in both sections should give one a more complete understanding of a community's economic/labor systems.] en Work Quota at Appletree - 1988 <p><title>Work Quota at Appletree AT-B</title><br /> <date_created>10-03-88</date_created><br /> <community>Appletree</community></p> <p><body><br /> Work Quota at Appletree AT-B</body></p> <p>March 10, 1988</p> <p>QUOTA WORK IS VITAL WORK<br /> Members are expected to do an agreed-upon amount of vital work. The amount agreed upon is called "the quota." The quota is set and adjusted by group decisions as necessary.<br /> &lt;!--break--><br /> QUALITY STANDARDS FOR QUOTA WORK<br /> We are expected to do quota work to the satisfaction of the group. If a member is willing to do a task, but not to the group's standards, the work done on that task by that member will be considered not quota and receive work credit accordingly.</p> <p>QUOTA REQUIREMENTS DURING ILLNESS AND PERIODS AWAY FROM HOME<br /> Members are exempt from the requirement of doing quota work when, for 24 consecutive hours or more (which may be rounded to the nearest day), they are ill or away from home for any reason (for instance for a vacation or an FEC assembly). On such exempt days members may claim "exempt hours." For a week in which a member claims exempt hours her or his quota requirement is reduced by the number of exempt hours claimed for that week. The maximum number of exempt hours a member can claim for a given day is 1/7th of the quota requirement for a week minus the time logged for quota work done on that day.</p> <p>"QUOTA ACCOUNTS" FOR QUOTA HOURS OWED BY EACH MEMBER<br /> A "quota account" will be created and maintained for each member. The balance of the account will be the amount of quota work the member owes to Appletree. Each week each member's account will be charged with the quota for that week and credited with the work logged on the work credit sheet for quota (vital) work and for the individual quota reduction on account of illness or being away from home. For instance, assume a member is 2 hours behind at the start of a week. The quota for that week is 35 hours and s/he logs 34 hours of quota work this period. S/he was ill one day. On that day s/he did 1 hour of quota work in spite of her or his illness. S/he can thus claim 5 - 1 = 4 hours exemption for this day of illness. This member's quota account will have the following entries:</p> <p>balance from previous week: + 2 hours<br /> quota for this week: + 35 hours<br /> quota work logged on work time sheets: - 34 hours<br /> quota exemption for illness: - 4 hours<br /> _________<br /> new balance: - 1 hour</p> <p>This member now owes Appletree -1 hour of quota work. S/he is thus 1 hour ahead.</p> <p>CHOOSING WORK<br /> Members may choose from any type of work that needs doing. The fact that a member has committed herself or himself to the work does not imply that work is not available for other members. If more than one member want to do the work, these members are expected to divide the work more or less equally among themselves. There are exceptions. A member receiving medical care may choose the care giver(s). A person being taught something may choose the teacher. Mothers have the right to breast-feed their babies. Pregnant women have the right to choose their birth coaches. Work requiring a license is available only to members who are licensed.</p> <p>The community has the right to make a decision that a member doesn't have the skills to take a full share of a particular job. Each member has the right to get training as required for such work, if feasible.</p> <p>ROTATION OF WORK<br /> A routine task not enough people sign up for will be rotated among the people who did not sign up for their fair share of the task. A group decision will determine the task description, including the frequency of the task. Not every member who did not sign up for a rotated task will always be expected to be on the rotation. Exceptions of this nature will be made for instance for tasks requiring a license, such as a driver's license or a specialized skill that some members haven't learned yet. Members who are exempt for such reasons are expected to take on a larger share of other rotation work so as to do as much rotation work as others do.</p> <p>NEGOTIATIONS ABOUT ROTATION WORK<br /> A member who would be willing to take on an additional quota task if it weren't for the fact s/he is already doing all the quota work expected from her/him may ask the group to consider being relieved from one or more rotation tasks. The group is then expected to look at that member's work records of the last four weeks or so. The group will then attempt to make a suggestion to the member to reduce her/his work hours in certain categories of work with the understanding that the group prefers those reductions over the member going off the rotation. If the group cannot agree on such a suggestion the group may consider agreeing to this member going off one or more rotation tasks of the group's choice. If the group decides later a situation has arisen in which it is possible and preferable for that member to go back on a rotation without that member needing to work more than quota, that member is expected to return to participation in the rotation.<br /> </p> 03 Labor Tue, 13 Nov 2007 22:42:45 +0000 Ethan 88 at Dandelion's Labor Credit System <p><title>Dandelion's Labor Credit System DN-C1</title><br /> <community>Dandelion</community></p> <p><body><br /> Dandelion's Labor Credit System DN-C1</body></p> <p>At Dandelion we share our work through a labor credit system designed to distribute work as equally as possible and find enjoyable work for each member. The labor system also helps us organize our work, and its records help us evaluate past efforts and plan for the future. Most important, it helps us put our belief in equality into practice.<br /> &lt;!--break--><br /> * Each work area in the community has a manager or managers who make day-to-day decisions and are responsible for figuring out what needs to be done in their areas. All work areas have labor budgets which are agreed to by the whole community at economic planning sessions once or twice a year. Every week, managers requisition the work they need done according to their budgets.</p> <p>All members are encouraged to indicate what they like and do not like to do in general, plus they have a chance each week to make special requests. Visitors may make their preferences known also, although the shorter the length of their stay, the few options are available. Everyone does a share of income producing and domestic work (washing dishes, cleaning, etc.). Beyond that, members choose their work areas, some involving themselves in a variety of projects while others may specialize in one or two areas.</p> <p>Every Sunday, one or two people assign labor for the coming week, trying as much as possible to match the requisitions with the preferences. They fill out a labor sheet for each member and visitor. During the week, individuals keep track of their work by writing on their labor sheets the number of credits they do.</p> <p>All work has equal value, whether it is cooking, making hammocks (our main income source), childcare, accounting, cutting wood, construction, or anything else. One hour of work is worth one credit. While the kind of work each member does varies, the minimum hours required, or quota, is the same for everyone. Quota ranges from 42 to 50 hours per week. For every week a member completes quota, co earns ½ day of vacation time - about one months per year in all. Extra vacation time can be earned for overtime work, at the rate of ¼ day for every two hours over quota. Members may use earned vacation time either at Dandelion or to take vacations elsewhere.</p> <p>In addition to extra vacation time, there are two monetary incentives for overtime work. When the community as a whole does more industry production than was assigned in a given week, everyone's personal spending allowance (usually $4.00 per week) is supplemented. Incentives are distributed equally regardless of who did the extra work that week. Also, for every five credits over quota a member does in a week, co earns $1.00 to apply toward anything they wish to purchase that can be used by the entire community. Members often accumulate several dollars and spend it on record albums, books, special food, etc.</p> <p>Sharing the work of the community and doing work we enjoy and find challenging are important sources of satisfaction for us. We try to employ the talents of all members and give everyone opportunities to learn new skills. We also encourage both women and men to do work that is not typically associated with their gender roles. We value working together and often work in groups, sometimes combining work and recreation.</p> <p>* Labor budgets are not currently planned; they just "happen" week to week.<br /> </p> 03 Labor Tue, 13 Nov 2007 22:39:35 +0000 Ethan 84 at