The Federation of Egalitarian Communities - 02.07 Demographic Policies (Population, Age, Gender, etc.) [Also note that many communities have demographic policies within their Bylaws] en Housing and Membership Limit - East Wind - 1993 <p>&lt;!--break-->11.2 - Housing and Membership Limit<br /> Community Meeting, Sept. 1993</p> <p>East Wind’s active membership may not exceed the number of standard private spaces we have and such doubles as may be designated by the Board. The Board may choose to set the member-ship limit below the number of spaces we have. An example of when this might be done is to have set aside space for full members returning from leave, community financial difficulties, or when extensive repair work needs to be done on rooms or buildings.</p> <p>When there are more people who have been accepted for membership than there are rooms and spaces to house them, there will be a waiting list for housing.<br /> When there is a gender imbalance we will accept members according to this proposal until 50/50 is reached.</p> <p>If there is a waiting list and a gender imbalance in which one gender is greater than 55% of the adult population (children not considered), the minority gender will be given available housing at the rate of three of the minority gender to one of the majority gender. The first to receive housing after the legislation is passed will be the person longest on the waiting list regardless of gender and will go in the prescribed order from that point.</p> <p>5) When a gender balance of at least 55/45 has been sustained for two months, and a waiting list is still in effect, new members will be given housing in the order of their joining without regard to gender until one gender reaches more than 55% of the adult population. This legislation does not expire upon reaching gender balance but will come into effect and go out of effect according to conditions indicated above.</p> <p>6) If there is a gender imbalance and there is nobody of the minority gender on the waiting list or none willing to return at that time, the membership manager may hold a place for a person of the minority gender (either on the waiting list or prospective member) for up to one month, providing there is a likelihood of that person being able to occupy the space within that time. If not then the manager must give the room to the next person on the waiting list. The membership manager will, in these circumstances, attempt to maintain the 3 to 1 ratio over time even if it means having to accept 4 or more of the minority gender in a row on occasion.</p> <p>7) The Board or its designated deputy will determine what housing spaces are standard and may temporarily designate substandard spaces as standard when members (not on the waiting list) are interested in residing in them. The Board or its deputy may make additional policies to administer the membership ceiling and the waiting list.</p> <p>8) Full members returning from leave may choose to tent or camp or double with another member who offers this accommodation if a room is not available. The first available room will go to the full member returned from leave.</p> <p>9) Associates and other temporary members will not be guaranteed standard housing. The Board may make additional policies concerning associates or temporary members.</p> <p>10) The membership manager will have responsibility and authority to:<br /> maintain the waiting list<br /> make recommendations to the Board for additional policies regarding the administration of the membership ceiling and the waiting list.<br /> hold a space for a prospective member of minority gender for up to a month in order to better maintain the 3 to 1 ratio indicated above.</p> <p>11) This legislation makes null and void the Housing and Membership Limits legislation passed by community meeting on 3/14/86.</p> East Wind Community 02.07 Demographic Policies (Population, Age, Gender, etc.) Sat, 02 Apr 2011 14:45:28 +0000 Ethan 2311 at Age Limit Policy, Consolidated and Revised - Twin Oaks - 2006 <p>&lt;!--break-->Age Limit Policy, Consolidated and Revised (2006)<br /> CPs 6/22/06 </p> <p>Age Limit Policy</p> <p>In order to keep our age balance, Twin Oaks’ Age Limit policy allows the community to sometimes not accept new members who are over the age of 54. (That is, age 54 will be acceptable but age 55 will not.) During these times, people age 55 or older may not apply for membership unless there is a special exception (see below).<br /> At all times, the procedure for accepting (or not) members in their early fifties is the same as for younger people.<br /> This age limit policy does not apply to people applying to stay here for short periods of time, such as residents, student residents, interns, long-term guests, or similar categories. In all such cases, if a person over the age of 54 applies, the application will be considered (case-by-case) by the Community Membership Team (CMT). The CMT will make its decision with the best interests of the community in mind, as well as consideration for the individual. This policy recommends that the CMT not accept anyone who might be trying to use one of these categories as a stepping stone to membership.<br /> Twin Oaks can make an exception to this age limit policy (that is, the community can accept someone over the age of 54) if there is solid evidence that it wishes to do so. There must be strong support for allowing a particular older person to apply for membership. It is up to the membership team to evaluate the public input and to determine if an exception should be made. </p> <p>Turning the Age Limit Off and On </p> <p>The age limit is linked to the average age of the community, as determined by the CMT's average age spreadsheet (Areas/CMT/AverageAge.xls). If the age limit is in effect, and if the average age drops below 40, the age limit will be removed. If the age limit is removed and the average age then rises to over 42, the age limit will be re-instated. It will remain in place until the average age drops below 40 again.<br /> While the Age Limit is in place, recruiting will communicate the specifics of the policy, as well as our reasons for having it, to everyone 55 or over who contacts us.</p> Twin Oaks Community 02.07 Demographic Policies (Population, Age, Gender, etc.) Thu, 31 Mar 2011 21:03:23 +0000 Ethan 2307 at Child/Adult Ratio Policy - Twin Oaks - 1994 <p>&lt;!--break-->Child/Adult Ratio Policy (1994)<br /> Nov 94</p> <p>The purpose of this policy is to create a ratio of children to adults in the community. This will give the community the ability to make long range plans. This policy will also give visitors a clear picture of the community’s commitment to having children here and that there are specific limits to the number of children we will have.</p> <p>This policy is in four parts.</p> <p>1. How to count people for the ratio<br /> 2. Establishing an upper limit on incoming families<br /> 3. Establishing an upper limit on members adopting/having children<br /> 4. Adoption and pregnancy approval process</p> <p>and an appendix of the chart of the 1/5 ratio at various population levels.</p> <p>1. COUNTING PEOPLE. All adult members, including residents and provisional members will count on the adult side of the ratio, however for every two thousand hours of pension budgeted each year we will subtract one from the adult side of the ratio and for every two thousand hours of recorded kids labor we will add one to the adult side of the equation. To stick with whole numbers, we will use one thousand hours as the cutoff point for rounding up or down. So, if there are seven thousand hours of pension in a given year, then four will be subtracted from the population count to get the ratio.</p> <p>Children cross over from being children to being adults when they are working full quota on the farm (as opposed to going to school).</p> <p>Adult population will be the average of the previous six months.</p> <p>We will get the kid population by counting the kids. If any kid is a guest, or around for more than two months of the year they may be counted as some percentage of a kid. (That is, if a kid lives at Twin Oaks for six months out of each year then they will count as .5 in this ratio.)</p> <p>Here’s an example, using our current figures (Nov. 94)</p> <p>Pension hours budgeted in 1994 are 5,667 hours. 84 adults (minus three for pension hours) = 81 adults. 14 kids (not including Mary Ann. See attached previous paper)</p> <p>14/81 = 1/5.7 That is, for every kid we have a working population of 5.7 adults (see chart at end of paper).</p> <p>2. INCOMING FAMILIES. We will set 1/5 as the point at which we establish a moratorium on incoming families.</p> <p>When we are accepting incoming families, we still might have separate moratoriums on certain age groups of children, or give preference to some age groups of children that we as a community desire for whatever reason (to fill our peer groups, to maintain gender balance, etc.). An important point is that we aren’t likely to take visiting families on a “first come, first served” basis.</p> <p>It is also likely at times that we may be beyond 1/5 and invite families to visit and then put them on a waiting list to join Twin Oaks when there is space (either a child leaves, or adult population rises).</p> <p>Incoming families won’t be able to meet the criteria for pregnancy and adoption approval beforehand, but they will be expected to meet some of those criteria while they are members (being involved in the child program, etc.).</p> <p>3. CUT OFF FOR CHILDREN TO MEMBERS. This policy establishes a two tier set of criteria for adoption/pregnancy requests. The first set of criteria will need to be met by all members (or couples) who request an adoption or pregnancy. The second, stricter, set of criteria will need to be met once we are three children beyond 1/5 (according to the formula).</p> <p>4. a. ADOPTION/PREGNANCY APPROVAL PROCESS</p> <p>1) If planning on coparenting, at least one of the applicants must have been a member at least two years. The other member must have lived at Twin Oaks for at least a year.</p> <p>2) At least one of the applicants (if planning on co-parenting) must have been a meta for at least a year and both must have gone through the meta training program (if any).</p> <p>3) The applicants must be interviewed by the child board and meet any additional criteria that may be established by the child board (i.e. contracts for expenses, counseling).</p> <p>4) Have the support of the metas for the adoption/pregnancy.</p> <p>5) The applicant(s) (if planning on co-parenting) must plan on being involved in the child program, or to care for the child (that is, the applicant(s) can’t expect to be free of providing child care for their child).</p> <p> b. SECOND TIER CRITERIA. Once those three spaces are filled, then adoptions or pregnancies will only be granted if one or more of the following conditions are met.</p> <p>1) It is the first child of at least one of applicants.</p> <p>2) The mother’s age is 40 or over.</p> <p>3) One of the applicants has been a member for over ten years.</p> <p>4) 50% or more of full members vote to approve the adoption/pregnancy.</p> <p> c. SLACK. The number of adoption and pregnancy requests have always exceeded the number of actual children. That is, people don’t always get pregnant right away, relationships break up, adoptions don’t come through, so the child board must use their best judgment, on the basis of past experience, in estimating how likely various requests are to result in actual kids.</p> <p>The child board is likely from time to time to approve many requests assuming that they all won’t happen, or that they all won’t happen right away. This could create a situation that takes us beyond these moratorium numbers, in which case there would be no more adoption or pregnancy request approvals until the community child population again dropped below the moratorium level.</p> <p> d. THE INTENT OF THIS POLICY. The intent of this approval policy is to maintain the quality of the child program, to make sure that members are settled into the community, accepting of and accepted by the child care workers, aware of the magnitude of the decision they are making and to remove this often difficult personal decision from the realm of political debate. Once applicants meet the criteria above, the assumption is that their adoption/pregnancy request will be approved (That is if there is space in the child program as established in this policy).</p> <p> e. PROTECTION FROM HARASSMENT FOR PARENTS TO BE. This policy creates several new limits for people planning on having a child. We also wish, through this policy, to remove the obstacle of personal harassment from the process of making a decision about adopting/ having a child.</p> <p>If a member objects to this policy, or objects to another members adoption/pregnancy request, they may make their concerns known to either the child board or the planners.</p> <p>On the other hand, if the concerns are with any aspect of the applicants ability to parent then those comments should be directed to the applicant, either directly or through the child board or process team.</p> <p>If the concerns are about communal resources, or global overpopulation, or the gender or race of an adopted child or any other issue that is not specifically about the applicants parenting skill, then those concerns should be directed to an official body, not to the individual applicant.</p> <p>Harassment includes things like: delivering unsolicited articles about global overpopulation (or other such articles clearly meant to discourage an applicant), delivering messages about the limited resources of the community, verbally or in writing, challenging an applicant to defend their decision to adopt or become pregnant.</p> <p>If this sort of behavior occurs in an extreme or ongoing way, a member of the child board or process team or some other person chosen by the child board will approach the alleged harasser. If the behavior continues then a community feedback may be called.</p> <p> f. APPENDIX:<br /> 1/5 Ratio</p> <p> Adult Working Population (Maximum number of kid spaces in the Community)<br /> (Population - Pension + Kid Labor Hours) Cutoff for Visiting Families</p> <p> 77 - 15<br /> 78 - 16<br /> 79 - 16 80-16<br /> 81 - 16<br /> 82 - 16<br /> 83 - 17<br /> 84 - 17<br /> 85 - 17<br /> 86 - 17<br /> 87 - 17<br /> 88 - 18<br /> 89 - 18<br /> 90 - 18<br /> 91 - 18<br /> 92 - 18<br /> 93 - 19</p> Twin Oaks Community 02.07 Demographic Policies (Population, Age, Gender, etc.) Thu, 31 Mar 2011 21:00:51 +0000 Ethan 2306 at